The Government Veterinary College was started at Mannuthy in 1955 to produce sufficient veterinary personnel to cater to the needs of the State Animal Husbandry Department and for meeting the needs of various departmental projects included in the five year plans. The college is located near NH47 at about 7 km east of Thrissur town and has a land area of 154 ha. The new college building with sufficient number of class rooms and laboratory was established in 1961. The educational system followed was the traditional four year degree programme leading to B.V.Sc. degree. The college was initially under the control of Travancore University from 1955 to 1957, under Kerala University from 1957 to 1969 and under Calicut Univeristy from 1969 1972. It got the present name, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences when it became a constituent college of the Kerala Agricultural University in 1972. Under the KAU, the system of education was changed to trimester pattern. The duration of the course was increased to five years from 1977 onwards. The semester system was introduced in 1986.
The curriculum and syllabi of BVSc & AH course are prepared and formulated to suit the present needs and situations in the field of animal husbandry sector.Veterinary undergraduate education is unique in the aspect that it has a common syllabus and curriculum all over India which is prescribed by the Veterinary Council of India (VCI). The VCI system was adopted from 1994 onwards. A graduate of this course can acquire fundamental and concrete knowledge about Veterinary and Animal Science.
The college offers M.V.Sc. degree programme in Anatomy, Animal Bio Chemistry, Animal Breeding & Genetics, Animal Reproduction, Clinical Medicine, Dairy Science, Livestock Production Management, Livestock Products Technology, Microbiology, Nutrition, Parasitology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Poultry Science, Preventive Medicine, Surgery, Veterinary Extension, Veterinary Physiology and Veterinary Public Health. Ph.D programme is offered in Anatomy, Animal Breeding & Genetics,Animal Reproduction, Clinical Medicine, Dairy Science, Livestock Production Management, Microbiology, Nutrition, Parasitology, Pathology, Pharmacology, Poultry Science, Surgery and Veterinary Physiology.
The college has two veterinary hospitals, one at Kokkaliai and the other at Mannuthy, for imparting practical and clinical training to the students. A unit of Remount Veterinary Corps was started in the college under the administrative control of NCC (Remount Veterinary Crops Unit) in 1985.
The college has two undergraduate hostels each for boys and girls and one post graduate hostel for men.